Yangtze River Guide
Yangtze River is the third largest river in the world. (The Nile Is the longest, followed by the Amazon.). Yangtze River is extensive waterway to cuts through the heart of China, and is regarded by the Chinese as marking the division of their country into north and south, both Geographically and culturally. Aside from its transit, economic and agricultural importance, the Yangzte River winds through some of China’s most scenic country. The common Chinese saying, ‘If you haven’t travelled up the mighty Yangzte, you haven’t been anywhere’, well describes the river’s range of picturesque landscapes.
Yangtze River Cruises Shore Excursion
Yangtze River Introduction
Snaking its way 6,300 kilometres from western China’s Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the East China Sea, the Yangtze River stretches nine provinces and serves as a drain for 695,000 square miles of land. It is less in length only to the Amazon and Nile, and spans so many regions that it has acquired half a dozen names. In the high Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the Tibetans title it Dri Chu—Female Yak River. The Chinese in the area know it as Tongtian He, Travelling-Through-the-Heavens River. Where it borders Sichuan and runs through Yunnan, it is referred to as Jinsha Jiang, River of Golden Sand. Often the word Wanli prefixes the common Chang Jiang (Long River), designating it Ten Thousand Li River. Only in the lower reaches does this great flood go by its name common to foreigners: Yangtze.
The Yangtze River is divided into three parts:The Upper Reaches from the source in Qinghai Province to Yichang in Hubei Province, a distance of some 4,400 kilometers (2,700 miles). This stretch is one of Great beauty, with Wild Mountain ranges, unbroken ravines, unnavigable rapids And rushing torrents. The Three Gorges are included in this section, as is the Sichuan Basin.
The Middle Reaches from Yichang to Hukou at the mouth of Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province, a distance of about 1,000 kilometers (620 miles). Here, the river Widens and flows through flat, low-lying land and is fed by waters from two huge Lakes, the Dongting and the Poyang. This is the region where the battle against Flooding has been carTied on for centuries, earthen dykes and paved embankments Tell of past and present heroic struggles.
The Lower Reaches from Hukou to the estuary, a distance of some 900 kilometers (560 miles). The landscape in the river's lower course is typified by a flat delta Plain crisscrossed by canals and waterways, with soil so rich and water so abundant That the region has been known for centuries as the 'Land of Fish and Rice'
Yangtze River History & Culture
During the 40 million years history of the life and 50,000years history of human civilization, Yangtze River, a mother river of the China.
A fter the human being entered into civilized society, wars,famines have taken place here, aggressors have invaded here. Besides the remote an cestor's remains and ruins, the buildings and the emperors'tombs being remained for several thousands of years,the peaceful history with the scenes of mature rice field extending thousands miles, as well as sad scene of desolation and being full of hungry people have shown up here.
Today,along Yangtze River from the birthplace in Qinghai to the entrance on the Pacific in Shanghai,hundreds of large-and -medium -size vigorous cities are the fastes developing areas in China. As well as unsophiticated farmers with out-of-date production methods and transport instruments there are also modern metropolises changing everyday. The new-borned phenomena accompany with the conservation, the civilization exists with the backwardness.
As cleanup crews scurry to rid the Yangtze River Valley of hazardous chemicals, Chinese archaeologists hurry to explore and record the cultural treasures soon to be immersed. Over a thousand sites of archaeological and historical significance have been found in the Three Gorges area. Tombs, fossils, ancient inscriptions and other sites reveal a number of cultures and dynasties of the ancient Chinese people. Many lament the neglect of the historical sites of the Three Gorges project. No archaeologists or historians were invited to the planning meetings and no funds were allocated to preserve any of China’s heritage in the region. After much criticism and pressure, the central government gave one percent of the resettlement fund, $60 million of $5 billion, toward the cultural rescue.
Lack of enthusiasm toward the preservation of the various artefacts has allowed looters and smugglers to capitalise on the unattended treasures. In 1996 many officials in China were in shock as the ‘monkey tree’, a 2,000 year old Han Dynasty bronze figure from the Three Gorges, went for $4 million in New York. Zhu Rongji, head of the construction committee, quickly added $375 million to the salvage effort.